Template:Navbox

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Documentation


This template allows a navigational template to be set up relatively quickly by supplying it with one or more lists of links. It comes equipped with default styles that should work for most navigational templates. Changing the default styles is possible, but not recommended. Using this template, or one of its "Navbox suite" sister templates, is highly recommended for standardization of navigational templates, and for ease of use.

Usage

Please remove the parameters that are left blank.

{{Navbox
| name       = {{subst:PAGENAME}}{{subst:void|Don't change anything on this line. It will change itself when you save.}}
| title      =
| listclass  = hlist
| state      = {{{state|}}}

| above      =
| image      =

| group1     =
| list1      =

| group2     =
| list2      =

| group3     =
| list3      =

<!-- ... -->

| below      =
}}

Parameter list

The navbox uses lowercase parameter names, as shown in the box (above). The required name and title will create a one-line box if other parameters are omitted.

Notice "group1" (etc.) is optional, as are sections named "above/below".

The basic and most common parameters are as follows (see below for the full list):

name – the name of the template.
title – text in the title bar, such as: [[Widget stuff]].
listclass – a CSS class for the list cells, usually hlist for horizontal lists. Alternatively, use bodyclass for the whole box.
state – controls when a navbox is expanded or collapsed.
titlestyle – a CSS style for the title-bar, such as: background: gray;
groupstyle – a CSS style for the group-cells, such as: background: #eee;
above – text to appear above the group/list section (could be a list of overall wikilinks).
image – an optional right-side image, coded as the whole image. Typically it is purely decorative, so it should be coded as [[File:XX.jpg|80px|link=|alt=]].
imageleft – an optional left-side image (code the same as the "image" parameter).
groupn – the left-side text before list-n (if group-n omitted, list-n starts at left of box).
listn – text listing wikilinks using a wikilist format.
below – optional text to appear below the group/list section.

Parameter descriptions

The following is a complete list of parameters for using {{Navbox}}. In most cases, the only required parameters are name, title, and list1, though child navboxes do not even require those to be set.

Setup parameters

name*
The name of the template, which is needed for the "V • T • E" ("View • Talk • Edit") links to work properly on all pages where the template is used. You can enter {{subst:PAGENAME}} for this value as a shortcut. The name parameter is only mandatory if a title is specified, and the border parameter is not set, and the navbar parameter is not used to disable the navbar.
state* [autocollapse, collapsed, expanded, plain, off]
  • Defaults to autocollapse. A navbox with autocollapse will start out collapsed if there are two or more tables on the same page that use other collapsible tables. Otherwise, the navbox will be expanded. For the technically minded, see MediaWiki:Common.js.
  • If set to collapsed, the navbox will always start out in a collapsed state.
  • If set to expanded, the navbox will always start out in an expanded state.
  • If set to plain, the navbox will always be expanded with no [hide] link on the right, and the title will remain centered (by using padding to offset the V • T • E links).
  • If set to off, the navbox will always be expanded with no [hide] link on the right, but no padding will be used to keep the title centered. This is for advanced use only; the "plain" option should suffice for most applications where the [show]/[hide] button needs to be hidden.

Cells

title*
Text that appears centered in the top row of the table. It is usually the template's topic, i.e. a succinct description of the body contents. This should be a single line, but if a second line is needed, use {{-}} to ensure proper centering. This parameter is technically not mandatory, but using {{Navbox}} is rather pointless without a title.
above*
A full-width cell displayed between the titlebar and first group/list, i.e. above the template's body (groups, lists and image). In a template without an image, above behaves in the same way as the list1 parameter without the group1 parameter.
groupn*
(i.e. group1, group2, etc.) If specified, text appears in a header cell displayed to the left of listn. If omitted, listn uses the full width of the table.
listn*
(i.e. list1, list2, etc.) The body of the template, usually a list of links. Format is inline, although the text can be entered on separate lines if the entire list is enclosed within <div> </div>. At least one list parameter is required; each additional list is displayed in a separate row of the table. Each listn may be preceded by a corresponding groupn parameter, if provided (see below).
image*
An image to be displayed in a cell below the title and to the right of the body (the groups/lists). For the image to display properly, the list1 parameter must be specified. The image parameter accepts standard wikicode for displaying an image, e.g.:
[[File:XX.jpg|80px|link=|alt=]]
nb: including "|right" will produce the usual left margin to provide separation from the list items and zebra striping.
imageleft*
An image to be displayed in a cell below the title and to the left of the body (lists). For the image to display properly, the list1 parameter must be specified and no groups can be specified. It accepts the same sort of parameter that image accepts.
below*
A full-width cell displayed below the template's body (groups, lists and image). In a template without an image, below behaves in the same way as the template's final listn parameter without a groupn parameter.

Style parameters

Styles are generally advised against, to maintain consistency among templates and pages in Wikipedia; but the option to modify styles is given.

bodystyle*
Specifies CSS styles to apply to the template body. This option should be used sparingly as it can lead to visual inconsistencies. Examples:
bodystyle = background: #nnnnnn;
bodystyle = width: N [em/%/px or width: auto];
bodystyle = float: [left/right/none];
bodystyle = clear: [right/left/both/none];
basestyle*
CSS styles to apply to the title, above, below, and group cells all at once. The styles are not applied to list cells. This is convenient for easily changing the basic color of the navbox without having to repeat the style specifications for the different parts of the navbox. Examples:
basestyle = background: lightskyblue;
titlestyle*
CSS styles to apply to title, most often the titlebar's background color:
titlestyle = background: #nnnnnn;
titlestyle = background: name;
titlestyle = background: none; — for no background color
groupstyle*
CSS styles to apply to the groupN cells. This option overrides any styles that are applied to the entire table. Examples:
groupstyle = background: #nnnnnn;
groupstyle = text-align: [left/center/right];
groupstyle = vertical-align: [top/middle/bottom];
groupnstyle*
CSS styles to apply to a specific group, in addition to any styles specified by the groupstyle parameter. This parameter should only be used when absolutely necessary in order to maintain standardization and simplicity. Examples:
group3style = background: red; color: white;
groupwidth
A number and unit specifying a uniform width for the group cells, in cases where little content in the list cells may cause group cells to be too wide. No default. However, may be overridden by the group(n)style parameter. Examples:
groupwidth = 9em
liststyle*
CSS styles to apply to all lists. Overruled by the oddstyle and evenstyle parameters (if specified) hereafter. When using backgound colors in the navbox, see the note hereafter.
listnstyle*
CSS styles to apply to a specific list, in addition to any styles specified by the liststyle parameter. This parameter should only be used when absolutely necessary in order to maintain standardization and simplicity. Examples:
list5style = background: #ddddff;
listpadding*
A number and unit specifying the padding in each list cell. The list cells come equipped with a default padding of 0.25em on the left and right, and 0 on the top and bottom. Due to complex technical reasons, simply setting "liststyle = padding: 0.5em;" (or any other padding setting) will not work. Examples:
listpadding = 0.5em 0; (sets 0.5em padding for the top/bottom, and 0 padding for the left/right.)
listpadding = 0; (removes all list padding.)
oddstyle
evenstyle
Applies to odd/even list numbers. Overrules styles defined by liststyle. The default behavior is to add striped colors (white and gray) to odd/even rows, respectively, in order to improve readability. These should not be changed except in extraordinary circumstances.
evenodd [swap, even, odd, off]
If set to swap, then the automatic striping of even and odd rows is reversed. Normally, even rows get a light gray background for striping; when this parameter is used, the odd rows receive the gray striping instead of the even rows. Setting to even or odd sets all rows to have that striping color. Setting to off disables automatic row striping. This advanced parameter should only be used to fix problems when the navbox is being used as a child of another navbox and the stripes do not match up. Examples and a further description can be found in the section on child navboxes below.
abovestyle*
belowstyle*
CSS styles to apply to the top cell (specified via the above parameter) and bottom cell (specified via the below parameter). Typically used to set background color or text alignment:
abovestyle = background: #nnnnnn;
abovestyle = text-align: [left/center/right];
belowstyle = background: #nnnnnn;
belowstyle = text-align: [left/center/right];
imagestyle*
imageleftstyle*
CSS styles to apply to the cells where the image/imageleft sits. These styles should only be used in exceptional circumstances, usually to fix width problems if the width of groups is set and the width of the image cell grows too large. Examples:
imagestyle = width:5em;
Default styles

The style settings listed here are those that editors using the navbox change most often. The other more complex style settings were left out of this list to keep it simple. Most styles are set in MediaWiki:Common.css.

bodystyle = background: #fdfdfd; width: 100%; vertical-align: middle;
titlestyle = background: #ccccff; padding-left: 1em; padding-right: 1em; text-align: center;
abovestyle = background: #ddddff; padding-left: 1em; padding-right: 1em; text-align: center;
belowstyle = background: #ddddff; padding-left: 1em; padding-right: 1em; text-align: center;
groupstyle = background: #ddddff; padding-left: 1em; padding-right: 1em; text-align: right;
liststyle = background: transparent; text-align: left/center;
oddstyle = background: transparent;
evenstyle = background: #f7f7f7;

Since liststyle and oddstyle are transparent, odd lists have the color of the bodystyle, which defaults to #fdfdfd (white with a hint of gray). A list defaults to text-align: left; if it has a group, if not it defaults to text-align: center;. Since only bodystyle has a vertical-align all the others inherit its vertical-align: middle;.

See also

  • {{Navbar}} – Used for the navigation links in navbox.
  • Wikipedia:Line-break handling – The how-to guide about how to handle word wraps (line breaks) on Wikipedia, such as the wrapping of the link lists used in navboxes.
  • {{Nowrap begin}} and {{·}} are deprecated in favor of the hlist class for formatting lists.